Until 16th Dec, 2025

Buy it now



Buy now for €14,300.00

Lot details

India, 15th-17th century. Well carved in openwork, the central deity standing in samabhanga on a giant conch shell – the identifying attribute of Neminatha – with beaded decorations, below a lotus canopy, a halo behind his head, surrounded by seated images of the first twenty-three tirthankaras, the base of the conch flanked by two larger deities.

Provenance: From the collection of René Ronveaux (d. 1991), Belgium, acquired in the 1960s and thence by descent in the same family. A copy of a provenance statement, written and signed by the previous owner, dated 16 June 2022, confirming the provenance stated above, accompanies this lot.
Condition: Very good condition overall, commensurate with age. Extensive wear. Some losses, cracks, nicks, and scratches, signs of weathering and erosion, encrustations.

Dimensions: Height 70.8 cm

Neminatha, also known as Nemi and Arishtanemi, is the twenty-second tirthankara (ford-maker) in Jainism. Along with Mahavira, Parshvanatha and Rishabhanatha, Neminatha is one of the twenty-four tirthankaras who attract the most devotional worship among the Jains. He lived 81,000 years before the twenty-third tirthankara Parshvanatha and was the youngest son of king Samudravijaya and queen Shivadevi. Krishna, who was the ninth and last Jain Vasudev, was his first cousin. He was born at Sauripura in the Yadu lineage, like Krishna. His birth date was the fifth day of Shravana Shukla of the Jain calendar. On his wedding day Neminatha heard the cries of animals being killed for the marriage feast. He left marriage, freed the animals and renounced the world to become a monk – a scene found in many Jain artworks. He attained moksha on Girnar Hills near Junagadh, a pilgrimage center for Jains.

Literature comparison:
Compare a related earlier schist stele of a tirthankara surrounded by twenty-three seated tirthankaras, dated to the late 13th century, in the Norton Simon Museum, accession number F.1975.17.12.S.


How to Buy Online

You must log in or create an online account in order to buy items from the shop.

Click the red 'Buy it Now' button to buy this item. You will then be able to download your invoice and receive instructions about how to pay. Prices include Buyer's Premium. 

If you would like to buy multiple items at the same time, add the items you want to your cart. You will then be able to check out with multiple items simultaneously.

Items in your cart are not reserved. Please complete the purchase process promptly to secure the items.

How to Buy Offline

If you would like to buy one of these items outside of the online shop, please contact us at office@zacke.at or +43 (1) 532 04 52.

Important Changes to Our Terms and Conditions

As part of our ongoing efforts to keep our auctions fair and transparent, we recently updated our terms and conditions. We encourage you to read through these updates carefully (§34-50) to make sure you understand them. These updates are specifically designed to protect all serious and committed buyers from bidding against non-payers, who attempt to inflate prices without the intent of paying their auction bills.

For further reading about non-payers at auction, go here: https://www.zacke.at/aboutnonpayers/.

Main points include:

  • Bidders must complete their due diligence and clarify all questions about the objects before the auction. After the auction, Zacke will not answer questions from bidders unless the purchase price has been paid in full. Of course, this does not apply to questions concerning shipping, insurance, customs, etc.
  • A sale cancellation of any kind after the fall of the hammer is not possible. The only exception to this fundamental rule is our guarantee of authenticity [the Guarantee].
  • A Guarantee Claim, however, can only be raised after the purchase price has been paid in full by the buyer and within 45 days after the auction day.

If you have any questions about our policies, please contact us at office@zacke.at.

By placing a bid, you agree to our Terms of Auction and Terms and Conditions.