28th Jun, 2024 11:00

Fine Asian Art Summer Sale

 
  Lot 129
 

129

A YELLOW AND RUSSET JADE ‘SUN GOD’ PENDANT, HONGSHAN CULTURE

Sold for €9,910

including Buyer's Premium


Lot details

China, Neolithic period, c. 4000-3000 BC. In the form of a seated humanoid figure with double horns, the hands resting on the knees, the face detailed with ovoid eyes and upwards pointed ears, the body with pierced sections between the arms and legs, as well as a horizontally drilled suspension hole behind the head. The semi-translucent stone of a yellow tone with areas of russet skin, veins, and few dark gray inclusions.

Provenance: U.S. collection. The stand with an inscribed label. The authentication of this piece was conducted by Senior Fellow Gu Fang of the Institute of Archeology Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) on 17 February 2023, number 46490-16841, described as ‘Jade sun god’, dated to the Hongshan culture (4700-2500 BC), signed by Gu Fang, and notarized by Notary Noreen J. Lowery, New York. Gu Fang, born 1962 in Beijing, graduated from the Department of Archeology of the prestigious Beijing University in 1986. He later studied at the CASS where he is now working as a Senior Fellow specializing in Archeological excavations and research on Chinese Jades. Gu Fang authored several books on Chinese jades including 15 volumes on ‘The Complete Collection of Jades Unearthed in China’, one of the largest collections of Chinese jades to date.
Condition: Very good condition with minor wear, few minuscule nicks, the stone with natural fissures, some of which may have developed into small hairline cracks over time. Fine, unctuous patina.
External Expert Authentication: A copy of the authentication report from Senior Fellow Gu Fang of the Institute of Archeology Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) accompanies this lot and will be transmitted to the winning bidder.

Weight: 52.9 g
Dimensions: Height 7.2 cm

Mounted on a modern metal stand. (2)

The Hongshan culture,
from which this jade pendant comes, remained unknown until the 1980s. Centered in northeastern China, it is known for large ceremonial structures built with rocks, graves lined with stone slabs, and distinctively shaped jades that were often the sole goods found in tombs.

Literature comparison:
Compare a related jade standing figure, dated Hongshan culture, 6.4 cm tall, in the Smithsonian Institute, National Museum of Asian Art, accession number S2012.9.206. Compare a related jade seated figure, dated Hongshan culture, 6.6 cm tall, in the Smithsonian Institute, National Museum of Asian Art, accession number S2012.9.48.

Auction result comparison:
Type: Related
Auction: Sotheby’s Paris, 15 June 2023, lot 89
Price: EUR 15,240 or approx. EUR 15,500 adjusted for inflation at the time of writing
Description: A green jade 'humanoid figure' pendant, Neolithic period, Hongshan culture
Expert remark: Compare the related motif and pose. Note the color of the jade and smaller size (6 cm).

Auction result comparison:
Type: Related
Auction: Sotheby’s Hong Kong, 4 June 2020, lot 373
Price: HKD 93,750 or approx. EUR 12,000 converted and adjusted for inflation at the time of writing
Description: A miniature yellow jade humanoid figure, probably Neolithic period, Hongshan culture
Expert remark: Compare the closely related color of the jade and the pose. Note the smaller size (4 cm).

 

China, Neolithic period, c. 4000-3000 BC. In the form of a seated humanoid figure with double horns, the hands resting on the knees, the face detailed with ovoid eyes and upwards pointed ears, the body with pierced sections between the arms and legs, as well as a horizontally drilled suspension hole behind the head. The semi-translucent stone of a yellow tone with areas of russet skin, veins, and few dark gray inclusions.

Provenance: U.S. collection. The stand with an inscribed label. The authentication of this piece was conducted by Senior Fellow Gu Fang of the Institute of Archeology Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) on 17 February 2023, number 46490-16841, described as ‘Jade sun god’, dated to the Hongshan culture (4700-2500 BC), signed by Gu Fang, and notarized by Notary Noreen J. Lowery, New York. Gu Fang, born 1962 in Beijing, graduated from the Department of Archeology of the prestigious Beijing University in 1986. He later studied at the CASS where he is now working as a Senior Fellow specializing in Archeological excavations and research on Chinese Jades. Gu Fang authored several books on Chinese jades including 15 volumes on ‘The Complete Collection of Jades Unearthed in China’, one of the largest collections of Chinese jades to date.
Condition: Very good condition with minor wear, few minuscule nicks, the stone with natural fissures, some of which may have developed into small hairline cracks over time. Fine, unctuous patina.
External Expert Authentication: A copy of the authentication report from Senior Fellow Gu Fang of the Institute of Archeology Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) accompanies this lot and will be transmitted to the winning bidder.

Weight: 52.9 g
Dimensions: Height 7.2 cm

Mounted on a modern metal stand. (2)

The Hongshan culture,
from which this jade pendant comes, remained unknown until the 1980s. Centered in northeastern China, it is known for large ceremonial structures built with rocks, graves lined with stone slabs, and distinctively shaped jades that were often the sole goods found in tombs.

Literature comparison:
Compare a related jade standing figure, dated Hongshan culture, 6.4 cm tall, in the Smithsonian Institute, National Museum of Asian Art, accession number S2012.9.206. Compare a related jade seated figure, dated Hongshan culture, 6.6 cm tall, in the Smithsonian Institute, National Museum of Asian Art, accession number S2012.9.48.

Auction result comparison:
Type: Related
Auction: Sotheby’s Paris, 15 June 2023, lot 89
Price: EUR 15,240 or approx. EUR 15,500 adjusted for inflation at the time of writing
Description: A green jade 'humanoid figure' pendant, Neolithic period, Hongshan culture
Expert remark: Compare the related motif and pose. Note the color of the jade and smaller size (6 cm).

Auction result comparison:
Type: Related
Auction: Sotheby’s Hong Kong, 4 June 2020, lot 373
Price: HKD 93,750 or approx. EUR 12,000 converted and adjusted for inflation at the time of writing
Description: A miniature yellow jade humanoid figure, probably Neolithic period, Hongshan culture
Expert remark: Compare the closely related color of the jade and the pose. Note the smaller size (4 cm).

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