29th Sep, 2022 13:00

DAY 1 - TWO-DAY AUCTION - Fine Chinese Art / 中國藝術集珍 / Buddhism & Hinduism

 
  Lot 183
 

183

AN EARLY THANGKA OF GUHYASAMAJA AKSHOBHYAVAJRA, 13TH-14TH CENTURY
十三至十四世紀密集不動金剛唐卡

Sold for €16,900

including Buyer's Premium


Lot details

Central Tibet. Distemper and gilt on cloth. Superbly painted with the dark-blue, three-headed, and six-armed deity at the center, seated in dhyanasana on a lotus pillow atop a tiered throne supported by snow lions, backed by a lotus-petaled mandorla and halo. He is holding ritual implements including vajra, ghanta, padma, chakra, and khadga, and richly adorned with elaborate gold jewelry.

Provenance: Daffos & Estournel, Paris, 2004. A private collection in Milan, Italy, acquired from the above. Leonardo Vigorelli, Bergamo, acquired from the above. Leonardo Vigorelli is a retired Italian art dealer and noted collector, specializing in African and ancient Hindu-Buddhist art. After studying anthropology and decades of travel as well as extensive field research in India, the Himalayan region, Southeast Asia, and Africa, he founded the Dalton Somaré art gallery in Milan, Italy, which today is being run by his two sons.
Condition: Very good condition, commensurate with age, with some old wear, creasing, minor losses and aging to pigments, few loose threads, possibly microscopic touch-ups here and there. The painting laid down on textile and double-matted. Presenting very well overall.

Dimensions: Image size 27.7 x 20.1 cm, Size incl. mounting 49.2 x 40 cm

Guhyasamaja Akshobhyavajra is flanked by two goats standing on elephants. The throne arch is topped by Garuda holding a naga in his mouth, flanked by two lamas in the upper register.

The Guhyasamaja Tantra is one of the most important scriptures of Tantric Buddhism, written in Sanskrit. In the practice of the Arya Tradition, the central deity of the Guhyasamaja is the blue-black Akṣhobhyavajra, a form of Akshobhya, one of the five tathagathas, sometimes called the dhyani buddhas. Akṣobhyavajra holds a vajra and bell (ghanta) in his first two hands, and his other hands hold the symbols of the four other tathagathas: The wheel of Vairocana and the lotus of Amitabha in his rights, and the gem of Ratnasambhava and the sword of Amoghasiddhi in his lefts.

Expert’s note: Rarely is this iconographic subject so clearly delineated, allowing the viewer to follow the contours of the body, examine hands and ritual implements silhouetted against the red background, and to gaze upon the otherworldly countenance of Guhyasamaja.

Literature comparison:
Compare a related mandala thangka of Guhyasamaja Akshobhyavajra, dated to the 14th century, in the collection of the Rubin Museum of Art, object number F1997.43.1.

Auction result comparison:
Type: Related
Auction: Sotheby’s New York, 22 March 2018, lot 926
Estimate: USD 700,000 or approx. EUR 810,000 converted and adjusted for inflation at the time of writing
Description: A thangka depicting Guhyasamaja, Tibet, 15th century
Expert remark: Note that the deity is depicted in union with his consort and that the thangka is of significantly larger size (105 x 90 cm).

Auction result comparison:
Type: Related
Auction: Christie’s New York, 15 September 2008, lot 6
Price: USD 242,500 or approx. EUR 329,000 converted and adjusted for inflation at the time of writing
Description: An Important thangka of the Akshobya Vajra Guhyasamaja Mandala, Central Tibet, late 14th century
Expert remark: Note that the lot comprises a mandala thangka of larger size (91.4 x 83.2 cm), with a central depiction of Guhyasamaja Akshobhyavajra and consort.



十三至十四世紀密集不動金剛唐卡
西藏中部。布面膠畫描金。主尊軀體為藍色,頭戴五葉冠,象徵五佛或五菩薩,結跏趺坐在蓮台。有六隻手臂,都持有法物,並分別拿金剛杵、金剛鈴、法輪、匕首與噴焰摩尼,後有光背。

來源:巴黎Daffos & Estournel,2004年;義大利米蘭私人收藏;貝加莫Leonardo Vigorelli購於上述收藏。Leonardo Vigorelli是一位退休的義大利藝術品經銷商和著名收藏家,專門研究非洲和古代印度教佛教藝術。在學習人類學和數十年的旅行以及在印度、喜馬拉雅地區、東南亞和非洲的廣泛實地研究之後,他在義大利米蘭創立了 Dalton Somaré 藝術畫廊,如今由他的兩個兒子經營。
品相:狀況極好,有一些磨損、摺痕、輕微缺損和顏料老化,些微鬆散的線,有輕微修飾。這幅畫鋪在紡織品上,並經過雙重處理。

尺寸:畫面27.7 x 20.1 厘米,總49.2 x 40 厘米

密集不動金剛的兩側是兩隻站在大象上的山羊。寶座拱頂上是迦樓羅,嘴裡叼著一條蛇,兩側分別爲喇嘛。

專家注釋:這樣的唐卡非常少見,觀者可以如此欣賞密集金剛的超凡脫俗的面貌。

文獻比較:
比較一件相近十四世紀密集不動金剛曼陀羅唐卡,收藏於Rubin藝術博物館,館藏編號F1997.43.1。

拍賣結果比較:
形制:相近
拍賣:紐約蘇富比,2018年3月22日,lot 926
估價:USD 700,000(相當於今日EUR 810,000
描述:西藏十五世紀密集不動金剛唐卡
專家評論:請注意此唐卡描繪密集金剛與祂的妃子,且尺寸明顯較大(105 x 90 厘米)。

拍賣結果比較:
形制:相近
拍賣:紐約佳士得,2008年9月15日,lot 6
價格:USD 242,500(相當於今日EUR 329,000
描述:十四世紀晚期西藏中部曼陀羅密集不動金剛唐卡
專家評論:請注意此唐卡四周為曼陀羅,中央為密集不動金剛和祂的妃子,且尺寸較大(91.4 x 83.2 厘米)。

 

Central Tibet. Distemper and gilt on cloth. Superbly painted with the dark-blue, three-headed, and six-armed deity at the center, seated in dhyanasana on a lotus pillow atop a tiered throne supported by snow lions, backed by a lotus-petaled mandorla and halo. He is holding ritual implements including vajra, ghanta, padma, chakra, and khadga, and richly adorned with elaborate gold jewelry.

Provenance: Daffos & Estournel, Paris, 2004. A private collection in Milan, Italy, acquired from the above. Leonardo Vigorelli, Bergamo, acquired from the above. Leonardo Vigorelli is a retired Italian art dealer and noted collector, specializing in African and ancient Hindu-Buddhist art. After studying anthropology and decades of travel as well as extensive field research in India, the Himalayan region, Southeast Asia, and Africa, he founded the Dalton Somaré art gallery in Milan, Italy, which today is being run by his two sons.
Condition: Very good condition, commensurate with age, with some old wear, creasing, minor losses and aging to pigments, few loose threads, possibly microscopic touch-ups here and there. The painting laid down on textile and double-matted. Presenting very well overall.

Dimensions: Image size 27.7 x 20.1 cm, Size incl. mounting 49.2 x 40 cm

Guhyasamaja Akshobhyavajra is flanked by two goats standing on elephants. The throne arch is topped by Garuda holding a naga in his mouth, flanked by two lamas in the upper register.

The Guhyasamaja Tantra is one of the most important scriptures of Tantric Buddhism, written in Sanskrit. In the practice of the Arya Tradition, the central deity of the Guhyasamaja is the blue-black Akṣhobhyavajra, a form of Akshobhya, one of the five tathagathas, sometimes called the dhyani buddhas. Akṣobhyavajra holds a vajra and bell (ghanta) in his first two hands, and his other hands hold the symbols of the four other tathagathas: The wheel of Vairocana and the lotus of Amitabha in his rights, and the gem of Ratnasambhava and the sword of Amoghasiddhi in his lefts.

Expert’s note: Rarely is this iconographic subject so clearly delineated, allowing the viewer to follow the contours of the body, examine hands and ritual implements silhouetted against the red background, and to gaze upon the otherworldly countenance of Guhyasamaja.

Literature comparison:
Compare a related mandala thangka of Guhyasamaja Akshobhyavajra, dated to the 14th century, in the collection of the Rubin Museum of Art, object number F1997.43.1.

Auction result comparison:
Type: Related
Auction: Sotheby’s New York, 22 March 2018, lot 926
Estimate: USD 700,000 or approx. EUR 810,000 converted and adjusted for inflation at the time of writing
Description: A thangka depicting Guhyasamaja, Tibet, 15th century
Expert remark: Note that the deity is depicted in union with his consort and that the thangka is of significantly larger size (105 x 90 cm).

Auction result comparison:
Type: Related
Auction: Christie’s New York, 15 September 2008, lot 6
Price: USD 242,500 or approx. EUR 329,000 converted and adjusted for inflation at the time of writing
Description: An Important thangka of the Akshobya Vajra Guhyasamaja Mandala, Central Tibet, late 14th century
Expert remark: Note that the lot comprises a mandala thangka of larger size (91.4 x 83.2 cm), with a central depiction of Guhyasamaja Akshobhyavajra and consort.



十三至十四世紀密集不動金剛唐卡
西藏中部。布面膠畫描金。主尊軀體為藍色,頭戴五葉冠,象徵五佛或五菩薩,結跏趺坐在蓮台。有六隻手臂,都持有法物,並分別拿金剛杵、金剛鈴、法輪、匕首與噴焰摩尼,後有光背。

來源:巴黎Daffos & Estournel,2004年;義大利米蘭私人收藏;貝加莫Leonardo Vigorelli購於上述收藏。Leonardo Vigorelli是一位退休的義大利藝術品經銷商和著名收藏家,專門研究非洲和古代印度教佛教藝術。在學習人類學和數十年的旅行以及在印度、喜馬拉雅地區、東南亞和非洲的廣泛實地研究之後,他在義大利米蘭創立了 Dalton Somaré 藝術畫廊,如今由他的兩個兒子經營。
品相:狀況極好,有一些磨損、摺痕、輕微缺損和顏料老化,些微鬆散的線,有輕微修飾。這幅畫鋪在紡織品上,並經過雙重處理。

尺寸:畫面27.7 x 20.1 厘米,總49.2 x 40 厘米

密集不動金剛的兩側是兩隻站在大象上的山羊。寶座拱頂上是迦樓羅,嘴裡叼著一條蛇,兩側分別爲喇嘛。

專家注釋:這樣的唐卡非常少見,觀者可以如此欣賞密集金剛的超凡脫俗的面貌。

文獻比較:
比較一件相近十四世紀密集不動金剛曼陀羅唐卡,收藏於Rubin藝術博物館,館藏編號F1997.43.1。

拍賣結果比較:
形制:相近
拍賣:紐約蘇富比,2018年3月22日,lot 926
估價:USD 700,000(相當於今日EUR 810,000
描述:西藏十五世紀密集不動金剛唐卡
專家評論:請注意此唐卡描繪密集金剛與祂的妃子,且尺寸明顯較大(105 x 90 厘米)。

拍賣結果比較:
形制:相近
拍賣:紐約佳士得,2008年9月15日,lot 6
價格:USD 242,500(相當於今日EUR 329,000
描述:十四世紀晚期西藏中部曼陀羅密集不動金剛唐卡
專家評論:請注意此唐卡四周為曼陀羅,中央為密集不動金剛和祂的妃子,且尺寸較大(91.4 x 83.2 厘米)。

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