Thu, 29th Sep 2022 13:00

DAY 1 - TWO-DAY AUCTION - Fine Chinese Art / 中國藝術集珍 / Buddhism & Hinduism

 
  Lot 31
 

31

AN IMPORTANT AND RARE CELADON JADE CARVING OF AN OWL, LATE SHANG DYNASTY
晚商重要青玉鴟鴞

Starting price
€4,000
Estimate
€8,000
 

A buyer’s premium of 30.00% (including VAT) applies to the hammer price of this lot if your bid is successful.

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Lot details

China, 13th-11th century BC. Finely carved in the round as an owl standing on its feet and tail, with the head held high and accentuated with a pair of raised round eyes and sharp hooked beak, further portrayed with a pair of wings curving to the back of the figure. The back of the head is pierced at an angle with two holes connecting to each other. The translucent stone is of a slightly yellowish celadon tone with veins and areas of russet and pale gray and some dark brown specks.

Provenance: From the collection of David Taylor, and thence by descent within the Taylor family. David Taylor (1876-1958) was a notable British businessman who lived in Belfast and owned various commercial buildings along with a substantial portfolio of stocks and shares. During his travels to China in the early 20th century, he acquired many jades, including the present lot. His grandfather, Sir David Taylor, was born in 1815 in Perth, Scotland, and moved to Belfast in 1842, serving as its Mayor in 1867 and for two consecutive terms in 1883 and 1884.
Condition: Very good condition commensurate with age. Distinct old wear and weathering, the stone with few natural fissures, some of which may have developed into tiny hairline cracks over time. Minor nicks here and there, some shallow surface scratches.

Weight: 42.4 g
Dimensions: Height 4.5 cm

Depictions of owls feature prominently among the arts of the Shang dynasty. The bird’s nocturnal and binocular vision and its binaural hearing and hunting skill were revered from the Neolithic period, when the earliest jade carvings of owls were made. The owl’s terrifying screech would have fit the perception of abnormality in ritual and magic, and it is most likely that the bird played a significant role in Shang belief. It has been suggested that the mythical black bird (xuanniao) from which the Shang people were believed to have originated was in fact an owl. Alternatively, Sun Xinzhou has suggested that the mythical ancestor Di Jun (also known as Di Ku, Shun) can be identified with the owl deity protector of agriculture (Sun Xinzhou, ‘Chixiao chongbai huaxia lishi wenming’ [On the strigidae worship and historical civilization in China], Journal of Tianjin Normal University (Social Sciences), no. 5, 2004, pp 31-7).

Literature comparison:
Jade owls were excavated from the Tomb of Fu Hao in modern-day Anyang, Henan province, and illustrated in Tomb of Lady Hao at Yinxu, Beijing, 1980, pl. 137, nos. 1-3, together with a further related beaked bird with horns, pl. 134 no. 3. A related jade owl was included in the exhibition Chinese Jade Animals, Hong Kong Museum of Art, 1996, cat. no. 17. See also two marble owls, excavated from the Shang royal cemetery at Xibeigang, on the northern bank of the Huan river, one of which is illustrated in Cheng Te-K’un, Archaeology in China, vol. 2, Shang China, Cambridge, 1960, pl. Xa.

Auction result comparison:
Type: Closely related
Auction: Christie’s Hong Kong, 30 November 2016, lot 3202
Price: HKD 4,620,000 or approx. EUR 627,000 converted and adjusted for inflation at the time of writing
Description: An important and rare celadon jade carving of an owl
Expert remark: Compare the related pose, eyes, and wings. Note the different ears and beak.

Auction result comparison:
Type: Closely related
Auction: Sotheby’s Hong Kong, 2 April 2019, lot 3416
Price: HKD 350,000 or approx. EUR 44,500 converted and adjusted for inflation at the time of writing
Description: A celadon and russet jade figure of an owl
Expert remark: Compare the near identical pose, eyes, beak, and ears, as well as the closely related color of the jade. Note the slightly smaller size (3.5 cm).


晚商重要青玉鴟鴞
中國,公元前十三至十四世紀。青黃色玉,圓雕鴟鴞形,作昂首挺胸矗立狀。翹鼻、額尖和凸角。重環眼,眼珠圓瞪,目光犀利,勾喙回捲為一孔,頸短粗。頭後部有兩個相互連接的孔。前胸飽滿,翅羽收攏,歧尾略翹,腿粗壯,下出一短榫。隨體形佈局的雙線卷雲紋。質地細膩純淨。半透明的玉料帶有天然赤褐色和淺灰色紋理和一些深棕色斑點。

來源:David Taylor收藏,自此一直保存在Taylor家族中。David Taylor (1876-1958) 曾是一位著名的英國商人,住在貝爾法斯特,擁有各種商業建築以及大量股票和股份。二十世紀初,他到中國旅行時購買了許多玉器,包括現在的這件。他的祖父戴維·泰勒爵士 1815 年出生於蘇格蘭Perth,1842 年移居貝爾法斯特,1867 年擔任市長,1883 年和 1884 年連任。
品相:與年齡相稱,品相非常好。明顯的磨損和風化,輕微天然裂縫,隨著時間的推移,其中一些可能已經發展成微小的冲綫。局部小刻痕,表面有一些劃痕。

重量:42.4 克
尺寸:高4.5 厘米

鴟鴞,即貓頭鷹,這種夜深出沒的鳥類在商代藝術中有著很突出的地位。貓頭鷹夜間視覺、聽覺和嗅覺靈敏異常靈敏。擁有神秘力量,穿梭於人間與冥界,能成為生與死的橋樑,又可趕走邪靈厄運。有人認為,商代的玄鳥可能就是一隻貓頭鷹。孫新周在《鴟鴞崇拜與華夏曆史文明》中認爲殷商族圖騰"玄鳥"不是燕子,是鴟 ;高祖 (帝俊,帝嚳,舜)的原型是鴟;圖騰,它是商民族的生殖神,農業保護神和太陽神(《天津師範大學學報(社科版)》2004年)。

文獻比較:
玉鴟鴞出土於今河南安陽的婦好墓,並在《殷墟婦好墓》中得到說明,北京,1980年,圖137,第1-3號,還有一種相關的帶角的喙鳥,圖134第3號。一件相關的玉鴟鴞被列入《中國肖生玉雕》展覽,香港藝術博物館,1996年,圖錄號17。另見兩隻大理石貓頭鷹,出土於洹河北岸的西北岡商王大墓,其中一件見Cheng Te-K’un,《Archaeology in China》,第二卷,《Shang China》,劍橋,1960年,圖Xa。

拍賣結果比較:
形制:非常相近
拍賣:香港佳士得,2016年11月30日,lot 3202
價格:HKD 4,620,000(相當於今日EUR 627,000
描述:晚商西元前十三至十一世紀重要青玉鴟鴞
專家評論:比較相近的姿勢、眼睛和翅膀。請注意耳朵和鳥嘴不同。

拍賣結果比較:
形制:非常相近
拍賣:香港蘇富比,2019年4月2日,lot 3416
價格:HKD 350,000(相當於今日EUR 44,500
描述:商代青玉留皮鴟鴞
專家評論:比較一下近乎相同的姿勢、眼睛、嘴和耳朵,以及極相近的玉石顏色。請注意它的尺寸稍小 (3.5 厘米)。

 
 

China, 13th-11th century BC. Finely carved in the round as an owl standing on its feet and tail, with the head held high and accentuated with a pair of raised round eyes and sharp hooked beak, further portrayed with a pair of wings curving to the back of the figure. The back of the head is pierced at an angle with two holes connecting to each other. The translucent stone is of a slightly yellowish celadon tone with veins and areas of russet and pale gray and some dark brown specks.

Provenance: From the collection of David Taylor, and thence by descent within the Taylor family. David Taylor (1876-1958) was a notable British businessman who lived in Belfast and owned various commercial buildings along with a substantial portfolio of stocks and shares. During his travels to China in the early 20th century, he acquired many jades, including the present lot. His grandfather, Sir David Taylor, was born in 1815 in Perth, Scotland, and moved to Belfast in 1842, serving as its Mayor in 1867 and for two consecutive terms in 1883 and 1884.
Condition: Very good condition commensurate with age. Distinct old wear and weathering, the stone with few natural fissures, some of which may have developed into tiny hairline cracks over time. Minor nicks here and there, some shallow surface scratches.

Weight: 42.4 g
Dimensions: Height 4.5 cm

Depictions of owls feature prominently among the arts of the Shang dynasty. The bird’s nocturnal and binocular vision and its binaural hearing and hunting skill were revered from the Neolithic period, when the earliest jade carvings of owls were made. The owl’s terrifying screech would have fit the perception of abnormality in ritual and magic, and it is most likely that the bird played a significant role in Shang belief. It has been suggested that the mythical black bird (xuanniao) from which the Shang people were believed to have originated was in fact an owl. Alternatively, Sun Xinzhou has suggested that the mythical ancestor Di Jun (also known as Di Ku, Shun) can be identified with the owl deity protector of agriculture (Sun Xinzhou, ‘Chixiao chongbai huaxia lishi wenming’ [On the strigidae worship and historical civilization in China], Journal of Tianjin Normal University (Social Sciences), no. 5, 2004, pp 31-7).

Literature comparison:
Jade owls were excavated from the Tomb of Fu Hao in modern-day Anyang, Henan province, and illustrated in Tomb of Lady Hao at Yinxu, Beijing, 1980, pl. 137, nos. 1-3, together with a further related beaked bird with horns, pl. 134 no. 3. A related jade owl was included in the exhibition Chinese Jade Animals, Hong Kong Museum of Art, 1996, cat. no. 17. See also two marble owls, excavated from the Shang royal cemetery at Xibeigang, on the northern bank of the Huan river, one of which is illustrated in Cheng Te-K’un, Archaeology in China, vol. 2, Shang China, Cambridge, 1960, pl. Xa.

Auction result comparison:
Type: Closely related
Auction: Christie’s Hong Kong, 30 November 2016, lot 3202
Price: HKD 4,620,000 or approx. EUR 627,000 converted and adjusted for inflation at the time of writing
Description: An important and rare celadon jade carving of an owl
Expert remark: Compare the related pose, eyes, and wings. Note the different ears and beak.

Auction result comparison:
Type: Closely related
Auction: Sotheby’s Hong Kong, 2 April 2019, lot 3416
Price: HKD 350,000 or approx. EUR 44,500 converted and adjusted for inflation at the time of writing
Description: A celadon and russet jade figure of an owl
Expert remark: Compare the near identical pose, eyes, beak, and ears, as well as the closely related color of the jade. Note the slightly smaller size (3.5 cm).


晚商重要青玉鴟鴞
中國,公元前十三至十四世紀。青黃色玉,圓雕鴟鴞形,作昂首挺胸矗立狀。翹鼻、額尖和凸角。重環眼,眼珠圓瞪,目光犀利,勾喙回捲為一孔,頸短粗。頭後部有兩個相互連接的孔。前胸飽滿,翅羽收攏,歧尾略翹,腿粗壯,下出一短榫。隨體形佈局的雙線卷雲紋。質地細膩純淨。半透明的玉料帶有天然赤褐色和淺灰色紋理和一些深棕色斑點。

來源:David Taylor收藏,自此一直保存在Taylor家族中。David Taylor (1876-1958) 曾是一位著名的英國商人,住在貝爾法斯特,擁有各種商業建築以及大量股票和股份。二十世紀初,他到中國旅行時購買了許多玉器,包括現在的這件。他的祖父戴維·泰勒爵士 1815 年出生於蘇格蘭Perth,1842 年移居貝爾法斯特,1867 年擔任市長,1883 年和 1884 年連任。
品相:與年齡相稱,品相非常好。明顯的磨損和風化,輕微天然裂縫,隨著時間的推移,其中一些可能已經發展成微小的冲綫。局部小刻痕,表面有一些劃痕。

重量:42.4 克
尺寸:高4.5 厘米

鴟鴞,即貓頭鷹,這種夜深出沒的鳥類在商代藝術中有著很突出的地位。貓頭鷹夜間視覺、聽覺和嗅覺靈敏異常靈敏。擁有神秘力量,穿梭於人間與冥界,能成為生與死的橋樑,又可趕走邪靈厄運。有人認為,商代的玄鳥可能就是一隻貓頭鷹。孫新周在《鴟鴞崇拜與華夏曆史文明》中認爲殷商族圖騰"玄鳥"不是燕子,是鴟 ;高祖 (帝俊,帝嚳,舜)的原型是鴟;圖騰,它是商民族的生殖神,農業保護神和太陽神(《天津師範大學學報(社科版)》2004年)。

文獻比較:
玉鴟鴞出土於今河南安陽的婦好墓,並在《殷墟婦好墓》中得到說明,北京,1980年,圖137,第1-3號,還有一種相關的帶角的喙鳥,圖134第3號。一件相關的玉鴟鴞被列入《中國肖生玉雕》展覽,香港藝術博物館,1996年,圖錄號17。另見兩隻大理石貓頭鷹,出土於洹河北岸的西北岡商王大墓,其中一件見Cheng Te-K’un,《Archaeology in China》,第二卷,《Shang China》,劍橋,1960年,圖Xa。

拍賣結果比較:
形制:非常相近
拍賣:香港佳士得,2016年11月30日,lot 3202
價格:HKD 4,620,000(相當於今日EUR 627,000
描述:晚商西元前十三至十一世紀重要青玉鴟鴞
專家評論:比較相近的姿勢、眼睛和翅膀。請注意耳朵和鳥嘴不同。

拍賣結果比較:
形制:非常相近
拍賣:香港蘇富比,2019年4月2日,lot 3416
價格:HKD 350,000(相當於今日EUR 44,500
描述:商代青玉留皮鴟鴞
專家評論:比較一下近乎相同的姿勢、眼睛、嘴和耳朵,以及極相近的玉石顏色。請注意它的尺寸稍小 (3.5 厘米)。

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Auction: DAY 1 - TWO-DAY AUCTION - Fine Chinese Art / 中國藝術集珍 / Buddhism & Hinduism, Thu, 29th Sep 2022

Galerie Zacke is honored to present Fine Chinese Art, Buddhism & Hinduism, a two-day premium auction. The flagship auction will happen on Day 1 of the sale, showcasing 267 items, including several masterpieces from notable collections.

Extensively researched, the two-day auction features 151 named provenances. Highlights include important names in the industry, such as Linda Wrigglesworth, Susan Chen, Charlotte Horstmann, Hisazo Nagatani, Dr. Wou Kiuan, E & J Frankel, Robert Kleiner, Marchant & Son, Sam Bernstein, Sydney Moss, Hugh Moss, Roger Keverne, A & J Speelman, Hedda and Lutz Franz, the Bernheimer Collection, Leo Diamond, Acher Eskenasy, and Captain Charles Oswald Liddell. There are also more than 20 museum deaccensions from institutions around the world. 

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