Fri, 30th Sep 2022 10:00

DAY 2 - TWO-DAY AUCTION - Fine Chinese Art / 中國藝術集珍 / Buddhism & Hinduism

 
  Lot 346
 

346

AN IMPERIAL CELADON AND RUSSET JADE ‘CHILONG’ RHYTON, QIANLONG MARK AND PERIOD
乾隆款與年代御製青玉留皮螭龍角杯

Starting price
€4,000
Estimate
€8,000
 

A buyer’s premium of 30.00% (including VAT) applies to the hammer price of this lot if your bid is successful.

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Lot details

China, 1736-1795. Of baluster form with a handle in the form of a clambering chilong and a sloping lip. Carved with sparse C-shaped scrolls to the upper register, dense scrolls and two roundels with scroll designs to the middle register, and stiff leaves and key-fret to the lower register. The translucent stone of a pale celadon tone with russet veins and cloudy white inclusions. The concave base neatly incised with a four-character mark Qianlong nianzhi and of the period.

Provenance: A private collector in the United Kingdom.
Condition: Very good condition with minor old wear, microscopic nicks, the stone with natural fissures, some of which have developed into small hairline cracks over time.

Weight: 225.9 g
Dimensions: Height 12.7 cm

Expert’s note: The Qianlong Emperor’s great love of jade combined with his passion for antiques resulted in his commissioning significant numbers of archaistic jade items for his court. The present lot belongs to an important group of such objects, all carved from ‘impure’ jade with prominent fissures and inclusions, erroneously believed by some to be anathema to the Emperor. On the contrary, jades carved from this specific material were one of his greatest passions. During the 44th year of the Qianlong reign (1779), the Suzhou Manufactory was ordered to create a jade vase from a piece of shanliao (nephrite) raw jade. Because of cracks in the jade, the intended size was not possible, and the manufactory sought further instruction from the Emperor. Qianlong responded that if by reducing the size of the finished vase the cracks could be avoided, that would be a good solution, but if even then the cracks could not be avoided, then it would be better to maintain the intended size, as such cracks were a natural characteristic of jade after all. In fact, the Qianlong Emperor believed that defects such as spots and cracks added to the archaic feeling of a work.

This aesthetic use of material defects can also be seen in other archaistic jade objects created during the Qianlong reign (see Auction result comparison), indicating that the Emperor considered the craft and decorative program of a jade object more important than the quality of the raw material. Although Qianlong had always had a love of the past, he only promoted the production of archaistic jades in society at large during the middle and late periods of his reign, due to the appearance of certain new kinds of jade that he detested. In the 39th year of his reign (1774), Qianlong criticized the “wretched new forms of jade” in his writing, and later proceeded to lodge repeated criticisms against other new-fangled forms that he considered unacceptably vulgar for being overwrought, excessively ornate, or slavish towards raw materiality. He regarded the popularity of such forms as a “catastrophe for jade”. Whether these forms strike us today as indeed catastrophic or rather innovative, it is clear that the Emperor found them unbearable.

Auction result comparison:
Type: Related
Auction: Sotheby’s Hong Kong, 26 May 2013, lot 131
Price: HKD 475,000 or approx. EUR 75,500 converted and adjusted for inflation at the time of writing
Description: An imperial archaistic jade 'phoenix' snuff bottle attributed to the palace workshops, mark and period of Qianlong
Expert remark: Compare the closely related color of the stone, and fine incision work.

Auction result comparison:
Type: Related
Auction: Sotheby’s Hong Kong, 3 April 2018, lot 3638
Price: HKD 21,720,000 or approx. EUR 2,963,500 converted and adjusted for inflation at the time of writing
Description: An imperial, highly important and magnificent Khotan-green jade archaistic vase, Fanggu mark and period of Qianlong
Expert remark: Compare the closely related color of the stone, and fine incision work. Note the size (41.5 cm)

Auction result comparison:
Type: Related
Auction: Christie’s Hong Kong, 28 May 2014, lot 3370
Price: HKD 2,920,000 or approx. EUR 445,500 converted and adjusted for inflation at the time of writing
Description: A rare large imperial jade archaistic vase, Qianlong four-character, Fanggu mark inscribed in a line and of the period (1736-1795)
Expert remark: Compare the closely related color of the stone, and fine incision work. Note the size (33 cm)



乾隆款與年代御製青玉留皮螭龍角杯
中國,1736-1795年。角形杯,攀爬的螭龍,龍首上仰,修長矯健的身軀,成杯把。 玉杯上部有如意卷紋,中部刻卷葉紋,下部刻有雷紋和蟬紋。淡青色半透明玉料,帶有赤褐色紋理和白色絮狀内沁。圈足内刻“乾隆年製”四字款。

來源:英國私人收藏
品相:
狀況非常好,有輕微的舊時磨損、微小的劃痕、帶有天然脈理的玉料,隨著時間的推移,其中一些已經發展成細小的裂縫。

重量:225.9 克
尺寸:高12.7 厘米

專家注釋:
乾隆皇帝對玉器的熱愛,加上他對古董的熱愛,使他下令製作了大批玉器。本拍品屬於一組重要的御製玉器,全部由帶有明顯裂縫和夾雜物的“不純”玉石雕刻而成,有些人錯誤地認為這是皇帝的詛咒。相反,用這種特殊材料雕刻的玉石是他最大的愛好之一。乾隆四十四年(1779年),蘇州廠奉命用一塊山料(軟玉)生玉製作玉瓶。由於玉有裂縫,無法達到預期的尺寸,工坊尋求皇帝的進一步指導。乾隆回應說,如果縮小成品花瓶的尺寸來避免出現裂縫,那是一個很好的解決方案,但如果即使如此也無法避免裂縫,那麼最好保持預期的尺寸,因為這樣的裂縫畢竟是玉的自然特徵。事實上,乾隆皇帝認為,斑點和裂縫等缺陷會增加作品的古樸感

這種對材質缺陷的審美運用,在乾隆時期的其他古玉器中也可見到(見拍賣結果比較​​),說明皇帝認為玉器的工藝和紋飾比原材料的質量更重要。 乾隆雖對古玉一向情有獨鍾,但由於他厭惡某些新玉的出現,到了中後期才在社會上廣泛推廣仿古玉的製作工藝。乾隆三十九年(1774年),乾隆在他的文章裏批評了“新玉”,後來又對其他新玉提出了反复的批評,他認為過分誇張、過分華麗、庸俗不堪,或對原材料的奴性。他認為這種形式的流行是“玉的災難”。無論這些形式在今天給我們留下了深刻的印像還是具有創新性,很明顯,皇帝都覺得它們難以忍受。

拍賣結果比較:
形制:相近
拍賣:香港蘇富比,2013年5月26日,lot 131
價格:HKD 475,000(相當於今日EUR 75,500
描述:清乾隆御製仿古玉雕「鳳凰瑞獸」執壺式鼻煙壺,(傳)御作坊製 《乾隆年製》款
專家評論:比較非常相近玉石顏色和雕刻。

拍賣結果比較:
形制:相近
拍賣:香港蘇富比,2018年4月3日,lot 3638
價格:HKD 21,720,000(相當於今日EUR 2,963,500
描述:清乾隆和闐青玉獸首銜環鳧魚壺,《乾隆仿古》款
專家評論:比較非常相近的玉石顏色和雕刻。請注意尺寸 (41.5厘米)。

拍賣結果比較:
形制:相近
拍賣:香港佳士得,2014年5月28日,lot 3370
價格:HKD 2,920,000(相當於今日EUR 445,500
描述:乾隆款及年代大型仿古玉壺
專家評論:比較非常相近的玉石顏色和雕刻。請注意尺寸(33厘米)。

 
 

China, 1736-1795. Of baluster form with a handle in the form of a clambering chilong and a sloping lip. Carved with sparse C-shaped scrolls to the upper register, dense scrolls and two roundels with scroll designs to the middle register, and stiff leaves and key-fret to the lower register. The translucent stone of a pale celadon tone with russet veins and cloudy white inclusions. The concave base neatly incised with a four-character mark Qianlong nianzhi and of the period.

Provenance: A private collector in the United Kingdom.
Condition: Very good condition with minor old wear, microscopic nicks, the stone with natural fissures, some of which have developed into small hairline cracks over time.

Weight: 225.9 g
Dimensions: Height 12.7 cm

Expert’s note: The Qianlong Emperor’s great love of jade combined with his passion for antiques resulted in his commissioning significant numbers of archaistic jade items for his court. The present lot belongs to an important group of such objects, all carved from ‘impure’ jade with prominent fissures and inclusions, erroneously believed by some to be anathema to the Emperor. On the contrary, jades carved from this specific material were one of his greatest passions. During the 44th year of the Qianlong reign (1779), the Suzhou Manufactory was ordered to create a jade vase from a piece of shanliao (nephrite) raw jade. Because of cracks in the jade, the intended size was not possible, and the manufactory sought further instruction from the Emperor. Qianlong responded that if by reducing the size of the finished vase the cracks could be avoided, that would be a good solution, but if even then the cracks could not be avoided, then it would be better to maintain the intended size, as such cracks were a natural characteristic of jade after all. In fact, the Qianlong Emperor believed that defects such as spots and cracks added to the archaic feeling of a work.

This aesthetic use of material defects can also be seen in other archaistic jade objects created during the Qianlong reign (see Auction result comparison), indicating that the Emperor considered the craft and decorative program of a jade object more important than the quality of the raw material. Although Qianlong had always had a love of the past, he only promoted the production of archaistic jades in society at large during the middle and late periods of his reign, due to the appearance of certain new kinds of jade that he detested. In the 39th year of his reign (1774), Qianlong criticized the “wretched new forms of jade” in his writing, and later proceeded to lodge repeated criticisms against other new-fangled forms that he considered unacceptably vulgar for being overwrought, excessively ornate, or slavish towards raw materiality. He regarded the popularity of such forms as a “catastrophe for jade”. Whether these forms strike us today as indeed catastrophic or rather innovative, it is clear that the Emperor found them unbearable.

Auction result comparison:
Type: Related
Auction: Sotheby’s Hong Kong, 26 May 2013, lot 131
Price: HKD 475,000 or approx. EUR 75,500 converted and adjusted for inflation at the time of writing
Description: An imperial archaistic jade 'phoenix' snuff bottle attributed to the palace workshops, mark and period of Qianlong
Expert remark: Compare the closely related color of the stone, and fine incision work.

Auction result comparison:
Type: Related
Auction: Sotheby’s Hong Kong, 3 April 2018, lot 3638
Price: HKD 21,720,000 or approx. EUR 2,963,500 converted and adjusted for inflation at the time of writing
Description: An imperial, highly important and magnificent Khotan-green jade archaistic vase, Fanggu mark and period of Qianlong
Expert remark: Compare the closely related color of the stone, and fine incision work. Note the size (41.5 cm)

Auction result comparison:
Type: Related
Auction: Christie’s Hong Kong, 28 May 2014, lot 3370
Price: HKD 2,920,000 or approx. EUR 445,500 converted and adjusted for inflation at the time of writing
Description: A rare large imperial jade archaistic vase, Qianlong four-character, Fanggu mark inscribed in a line and of the period (1736-1795)
Expert remark: Compare the closely related color of the stone, and fine incision work. Note the size (33 cm)



乾隆款與年代御製青玉留皮螭龍角杯
中國,1736-1795年。角形杯,攀爬的螭龍,龍首上仰,修長矯健的身軀,成杯把。 玉杯上部有如意卷紋,中部刻卷葉紋,下部刻有雷紋和蟬紋。淡青色半透明玉料,帶有赤褐色紋理和白色絮狀内沁。圈足内刻“乾隆年製”四字款。

來源:英國私人收藏
品相:
狀況非常好,有輕微的舊時磨損、微小的劃痕、帶有天然脈理的玉料,隨著時間的推移,其中一些已經發展成細小的裂縫。

重量:225.9 克
尺寸:高12.7 厘米

專家注釋:
乾隆皇帝對玉器的熱愛,加上他對古董的熱愛,使他下令製作了大批玉器。本拍品屬於一組重要的御製玉器,全部由帶有明顯裂縫和夾雜物的“不純”玉石雕刻而成,有些人錯誤地認為這是皇帝的詛咒。相反,用這種特殊材料雕刻的玉石是他最大的愛好之一。乾隆四十四年(1779年),蘇州廠奉命用一塊山料(軟玉)生玉製作玉瓶。由於玉有裂縫,無法達到預期的尺寸,工坊尋求皇帝的進一步指導。乾隆回應說,如果縮小成品花瓶的尺寸來避免出現裂縫,那是一個很好的解決方案,但如果即使如此也無法避免裂縫,那麼最好保持預期的尺寸,因為這樣的裂縫畢竟是玉的自然特徵。事實上,乾隆皇帝認為,斑點和裂縫等缺陷會增加作品的古樸感

這種對材質缺陷的審美運用,在乾隆時期的其他古玉器中也可見到(見拍賣結果比較​​),說明皇帝認為玉器的工藝和紋飾比原材料的質量更重要。 乾隆雖對古玉一向情有獨鍾,但由於他厭惡某些新玉的出現,到了中後期才在社會上廣泛推廣仿古玉的製作工藝。乾隆三十九年(1774年),乾隆在他的文章裏批評了“新玉”,後來又對其他新玉提出了反复的批評,他認為過分誇張、過分華麗、庸俗不堪,或對原材料的奴性。他認為這種形式的流行是“玉的災難”。無論這些形式在今天給我們留下了深刻的印像還是具有創新性,很明顯,皇帝都覺得它們難以忍受。

拍賣結果比較:
形制:相近
拍賣:香港蘇富比,2013年5月26日,lot 131
價格:HKD 475,000(相當於今日EUR 75,500
描述:清乾隆御製仿古玉雕「鳳凰瑞獸」執壺式鼻煙壺,(傳)御作坊製 《乾隆年製》款
專家評論:比較非常相近玉石顏色和雕刻。

拍賣結果比較:
形制:相近
拍賣:香港蘇富比,2018年4月3日,lot 3638
價格:HKD 21,720,000(相當於今日EUR 2,963,500
描述:清乾隆和闐青玉獸首銜環鳧魚壺,《乾隆仿古》款
專家評論:比較非常相近的玉石顏色和雕刻。請注意尺寸 (41.5厘米)。

拍賣結果比較:
形制:相近
拍賣:香港佳士得,2014年5月28日,lot 3370
價格:HKD 2,920,000(相當於今日EUR 445,500
描述:乾隆款及年代大型仿古玉壺
專家評論:比較非常相近的玉石顏色和雕刻。請注意尺寸(33厘米)。

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Auction: DAY 2 - TWO-DAY AUCTION - Fine Chinese Art / 中國藝術集珍 / Buddhism & Hinduism, Fri, 30th Sep 2022

Galerie Zacke is honored to present Fine Chinese Art, Buddhism & Hinduism, a two-day premium auction. On Day 2, 458 lots will be offered, spanning the entire range of Chinese, Buddhist, and Hinduist art, from bronzes and sculptures to porcelain and paintings.

Extensively researched, the two-day auction features 151 named provenances. Highlights include important names in the industry, such as Linda Wrigglesworth, Susan Chen, Charlotte Horstmann, Hisazo Nagatani, Dr. Wou Kiuan, E & J Frankel, Robert Kleiner, Marchant & Son, Sam Bernstein, Sydney Moss, Hugh Moss, Roger Keverne, A & J Speelman, Hedda and Lutz Franz, the Bernheimer Collection, Leo Diamond, Acher Eskenasy, and Captain Charles Oswald Liddell. There are also more than 20 museum deaccensions from institutions around the world. 

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