This jade is published in Filippo Salviati 4000 YEARS OF CHINESE ARCHAIC JADES Edition Zacke, Vienna 2017, no. 299
Large plaques shaped as felines in profile and representing tigers were made in jade from the last phase of the Warring States period into the early years of the following Han dynasty. As described at length by Jessica Rawson (“Chinese Jade”, pp. 259-262), these jade plaques, which derive from earlier and smaller pendants fashioned as tigers, were produced as early as the 8th century BC. The tiger is represented in profile and the animal almost looks as if it is leaping forward, an impression stressed by the stretched body, the gentle but strongly pronounced curve of the back and by the elongated head and wide-open jaws. The central portion of the tiger’s body is decorated with small incised spirals, while the haunches are ornamented with comma-shaped patterns filled with finely etched, striated lines. Additional volutes and linear motifs are incised on other parts of the animal’s body. The details enriching this plaque, such as the striated bands near the mouth and rear limbs or the etched pattern marking the front legs, are also executed more roughly. The plaque is provided with a suspension hole drilled at the top centre and there are a number of cutouts concentrated in the bottom part of the object. The jade is semi-translucent and of a pale, green colour. A great deal of the surface has turned white due to natural alterations which have affected the jade during the prolonged burial.
Dimensions: LENGTH 14 CM
Provenance: From an old Austrian-Hungarian collection